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 motorcycle{& scooter} safety 
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Post motorcycle{& scooter} safety
I found a page with the results of a study of motorcycle accidents called the "hurt report". It is named for the guy that headed up the report but I think the name fits very well.
Quote:
Summary of Findings

Throughout the accident and exposure data there are special observations which relate to accident and injury causation and characteristics of the motorcycle accidents studied. These findings are summarized as follows:

1. Approximately three-fourths of these motorcycle accidents involved collision with another vehicle, which was most often a passenger automobile.

2. Approximately one-fourth of these motorcycle accidents were single vehicle accidents involving the motorcycle colliding with the roadway or some fixed object in the environment.

3. Vehicle failure accounted for less than 3% of these motorcycle accidents, and most of those were single vehicle accidents where control was lost due to a puncture flat.

4. In single vehicle accidents, motorcycle rider error was present as the accident precipitating factor in about two-thirds of the cases, with the typical error being a slideout and fall due to overbraking or running wide on a curve due to excess speed or under-cornering.

5. Roadway defects (pavement ridges, potholes, etc.) were the accident cause in 2% of the accidents; animal involvement was 1% of the accidents.

6. In multiple vehicle accidents, the driver of the other vehicle violated the motorcycle right-of-way and caused the accident in two-thirds of those accidents.

7. The failure of motorists to detect and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the predominating cause of motorcycle accidents. The driver of the other vehicle involved in collision with the motorcycle did not see the motorcycle before the collision, or did not see the motorcycle until too late to avoid the collision.

8. Deliberate hostile action by a motorist against a motorcycle rider is a rare accident cause. The most frequent accident configuration is the motorcycle proceeding straight then the automobile makes a left turn in front of the oncoming motorcycle.

10. Intersections are the most likely place for the motorcycle accident, with the other vehicle violating the motorcycle right-of-way, and often violating traffic controls.

11. Weather is not a factor in 98% of motorcycle accidents.

12. Most motorcycle accidents involve a short trip associated with shopping, errands, friends, entertainment or recreation, and the accident is likely to happen in a very short time close to the trip origin.

13. The view of the motorcycle or the other vehicle involved in the accident is limited by glare or obstructed by other vehicles in almost half of the multiple vehicle accidents.

14. Conspicuity of the motorcycle is a critical factor in the multiple vehicle accidents, and accident involvement is significantly reduced by the use of motorcycle headlamps (on in daylight) and the wearing of high visibility yellow, orange or bright red jackets.

15. Fuel system leaks and spills were present in 62% of the motorcycle accidents in the post-crash phase. This represents an undue hazard for fire.

16. The median pre-crash speed was 29.8 mph, and the median crash speed was 21.5 mph, and the one-in-a-thousand crash speed is approximately 86 mph.

17. The typical motorcycle pre-crash lines-of-sight to the traffic hazard portray no contribution of the limits of peripheral vision; more than three-fourths of all accident hazards are within 45deg of either side of straight ahead.

18. Conspicuity of the motorcycle is most critical for the frontal surfaces of the motorcycle and rider.

19. Vehicle defects related to accident causation are rare and likely to be due to deficient or defective maintenance.

20. Motorcycle riders between the ages of 16 and 24 are significantly overrepresented in accidents; motorcycle riders between the ages of 30 and 50 are significantly underrepresented. Although the majority of the accident-involved motorcycle riders are male (96%), the female motorcycles riders are significantly overrepresented in the accident data.

22. Craftsmen, laborers, and students comprise most of the accident-involved motorcycle riders. Professionals, sales workers, and craftsmen are underrepresented and laborers, students and unemployed are overrepresented in the accidents.

23. Motorcycle riders with previous recent traffic citations and accidents are overrepresented in the accident data.

24. The motorcycle riders involved in accidents are essentially without training; 92% were self-taught or learned from family or friends. Motorcycle rider training experience reduces accident involvement and is related to reduced injuries in the event of accidents.

25. More than half of the accident-involved motorcycle riders had less than 5 months experience on the accident motorcycle, although the total street riding experience was almost 3 years. Motorcycle riders with dirt bike experience are significantly underrepresented in the accident data.

26. Lack of attention to the driving task is a common factor for the motorcyclist in an accident.

27. Almost half of the fatal accidents show alcohol involvement.

28. Motorcycle riders in these accidents showed significant collision avoidance problems. Most riders would overbrake and skid the rear wheel, and underbrake the front wheel greatly reducing collision avoidance deceleration. The ability to countersteer and swerve was essentially absent.

29. The typical motorcycle accident allows the motorcyclist just less than 2 seconds to complete all collision avoidance action.

30. Passenger-carrying motorcycles are not overrepresented in the accident area.

31. The driver of the other vehicles involved in collision with the motorcycle are not distinguished from other accident populations except that the ages of 20 to 29, and beyond 65 are overrepresented. Also, these drivers are generally unfamiliar with motorcycles.

32. Large displacement motorcycles are underrepresented in accidents but they are associated with higher injury severity when involved in accidents.

33. Any effect of motorcycle color on accident involvement is not determinable from these data, but is expected to be insignificant because the frontal surfaces are most often presented to the other vehicle involved in the collision.

34. Motorcycles equipped with fairings and windshields are underrepresented in accidents, most likely because of the contribution to conspicuity and the association with more experienced and trained riders.

35. Motorcycle riders in these accidents were significantly without motorcycle license, without any license, or with license revoked.

36. Motorcycle modifications such as those associated with the semi-chopper or cafe racer are definitely overrepresented in accidents.

37. The likelihood of injury is extremely high in these motorcycle accidents-98% of the multiple vehicle collisions and 96% of the single vehicle accidents resulted in some kind of injury to the motorcycle rider; 45% resulted in more than a minor injury.

38. Half of the injuries to the somatic regions were to the ankle-foot, lower leg, knee, and thigh-upper leg.

39. Crash bars are not an effective injury countermeasure; the reduction of injury to the ankle-foot is balanced by increase of injury to the thigh-upper leg, knee, and lower leg.

40. The use of heavy boots, jacket, gloves, etc., is effective in preventing or reducing abrasions and lacerations, which are frequent but rarely severe injuries.

41. Groin injuries were sustained by the motorcyclist in at least 13% of the accidents, which typified by multiple vehicle collision in frontal impact at higher than average speed.

42. Injury severity increases with speed, alcohol involvement and motorcycle size.

43. Seventy-three percent of the accident-involved motorcycle riders used no eye protection, and it is likely that the wind on the unprotected eyes contributed in impairment of vision which delayed hazard detection.

44. Approximately 50% of the motorcycle riders in traffic were using safety helmets but only 40% of the accident-involved motorcycle riders were wearing helmets at the time of the accident.

45. Voluntary safety helmet use by those accident-involved motorcycle riders was lowest for untrained, uneducated, young motorcycle riders on hot days and short trips.

46. The most deadly injuries to the accident victims were injuries to the chest and head.

47. The use of the safety helmet is the single critical factor in the prevention of reduction of head injury; the safety helmet which complies with FMVSS 218 is a significantly effective injury countermeasure.

48. Safety helmet use caused no attenuation of critical traffic sounds, no limitation of precrash visual field, and no fatigue or loss of attention; no element of accident causation was related to helmet use.

49. FMVSS 218 provides a high level of protection in traffic accidents, and needs modification only to increase coverage at the back of the head and demonstrate impact protection of the front of full facial coverage helmets, and insure all adult sizes for traffic use are covered by the standard.

50. Helmeted riders and passengers showed significantly lower head and neck injury for all types of injury, at all levels of injury severity.

51. The increased coverage of the full facial coverage helmet increases protection, and significantly reduces face injuries.

52. There is no liability for neck injury by wearing a safety helmet; helmeted riders had less neck injuries than unhelmeted riders. Only four minor injuries were attributable to helmet use, and in each case the helmet prevented possible critical or fatal head injury.

53. Sixty percent of the motorcyclists were not wearing safety helmets at the time of the accident. Of this group, 26% said they did not wear helmets because they were uncomfortable and inconvenient, and 53% simply had no expectation of accident involvement.

54. Valid motorcycle exposure data can be obtained only from collection at the traffic site. Motor vehicle or driver license data presents information which is completely unrelated to actual use.

55. Less than 10% of the motorcycle riders involved in these accidents had insurance of any kind to provide medical care or replace property.

Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures, Volume 1: Technical Report, Hurt, H.H., Ouellet, J.V. and Thom, D.R., Traffic Safety Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90007, Contract No. DOT HS-5-01160, January 1981 (Final Report)

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Thu Apr 30, 2009 2:59 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
Holy crap thats detailed - did the taxpayers foot the bill for that study. That must have cost me a pretty penny :doh:

Thanks for the info.

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Thu Apr 30, 2009 3:09 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
+1
Thanks for the 411!

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Thu Apr 30, 2009 3:36 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
ZumaScoot5 wrote:
Holy crap thats detailed - did the taxpayers foot the bill for that study. That must have cost me a pretty penny :doh:

Thanks for the info.

Yea but it was awhile back , the date was 1981. This report however is why many states started forcing helmet use. Some of the info is now out of date but mostly it is correct. There are many interesting things in there. I am hoping others will find them and then we can discuss them.

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Thu Apr 30, 2009 3:39 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
Is anybody reading this? There are some really interesting things in the list. I am hoping somebody else finds them but if nobody does then I will.

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Sat May 02, 2009 4:36 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
Thanks S&S

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Sat May 02, 2009 9:45 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
Someone posted that a few weeks ago, and it's very interesting.

I'll repeat what I and someone else posted then: this should be a sticky.

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Sat May 02, 2009 10:10 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
I must have missed that post somehow , sorry about rehashing old stuff. :doh:

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Sat May 02, 2009 10:13 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
Since nobody else has brought any details out , I will.
Quote:
Vehicle failure accounted for less than 3% of these motorcycle accidents, and most of those were single vehicle accidents where control was lost due to a puncture flat.

This surprised me a little bit! I would have figured the number to be more like 5%. I keep my ride tip-top but I have seen some that don't and have heard some horror stories of what other people do to keep their rides going in improper ways!

Quote:
In multiple vehicle accidents, the driver of the other vehicle violated the motorcycle right-of-way and caused the accident in two-thirds of those accidents.

Read this one! It was the cager that caused it 66% of the time! This means we need to be ever vigilant in our riding and of coarse wear protective gear.

Quote:
Weather is not a factor in 98% of motorcycle accidents.

This is because of all the wimps who only ride when the weather is nice - I ride no matter what!

Quote:
The median pre-crash speed was 29.8 mph, and the median crash speed was 21.5 mph, and the one-in-a-thousand crash speed is approximately 86 mph.

This surprised me too! Now I figured the average speed to be on the lower end but not 21.5mph. This means we need to be paying attention even when going slow.

Quote:
Lack of attention to the driving task is a common factor for the motorcyclist in an accident.

See! pay attention folks! a friend of mine calls this "a sudden case of the stupids".

Quote:
Almost half of the fatal accidents show alcohol involvement.

Duh! However note that it doesn't say who was drunk! I am willing to bet that at least half were the other driver was drunk and not the motorcycle rider.

Quote:
Groin injuries were sustained by the motorcyclist in at least 13% of the accidents, which typified by multiple vehicle collision in frontal impact at higher than average speed.

This one scares the crap out of me! "groin injury" = get on your bike as a guy and wake up in the hospital as a gal! :doh:

Quote:
Safety helmet use caused no attenuation of critical traffic sounds, no limitation of precrash visual field, and no fatigue or loss of attention; no element of accident causation was related to helmet use.

This is the excuse usually give by those who don't want to use a helmet , this and it is uncomfortable. But this study found that the people are WRONG!

And finally
Quote:
Motorcycle riders between the ages of 16 and 24 are significantly overrepresented in accidents; motorcycle riders between the ages of 30 and 50 are significantly underrepresented. Although the majority of the accident-involved motorcycle riders are male (96%), the female motorcycles riders are significantly overrepresented in the accident data.

Note the age here - this is why you young guys have to pay so much for insurance! Also note "female riders are significantly overrepresented" - bad women riders! They said it in this scientific study , I am just showing what it says! :q:

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Thu May 07, 2009 1:22 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
wow so according to this i am basically fucked.. lol..

19 year old student with a cafe racer

.. Hopefully ill be fine, I like to think I take it easy, have decent reflexes, make quick and smart decisions, I also find im really good at predicting people on the road... I drove the zuma 5 times a week for a year and only had one close call with a driver coming into my lane not knowing i was there, i saw it coming and was ready to react. Also that freakin 2X4 in the middle of the road i got to ride over...

one thing i found is driving a scooter that goes over 70km/h is way safer then one that goes 60.. and less then 50(the speed limit) up hills

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Thu May 07, 2009 1:39 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
We had a helmet law for years down here in Florida. Then they got rid of it and stated that if you want to ride without a helmet then you have to have proof of at least $10,000 insurance. Like that will help. :doh:


Mon May 11, 2009 6:33 pm
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Post Re: motorcycle{& scooter} safety
Shawn wrote:
We had a helmet law for years down here in Florida. Then they got rid of it and stated that if you want to ride without a helmet then you have to have proof of at least $10,000 insurance. Like that will help. :doh:



That won't even cover the X-Rays, CT's and lab work from the ER visit, much less if you need any bones fixed!

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Mon May 11, 2009 7:07 pm
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